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Catherine A. Forestell, PhD

Associate Professor of Psychology

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1093 Integrated Science Center
757-221-3892 (phone)
757-221-3896 (fax)                     

NOTE:  I hope to accept a graduate student for Fall 2016. If interested, please contact me.




Research Interests:

My research focuses on a range of factors related to ingestive and addictive behaviors, with a specific focus on understanding how early experiences play a role in the development of these behaviors. Through the use of a combination of behavioral, sociocognitive and electrophysiological measures we assess affective responses and attentional biases to foods and other substances, such as alcohol and tobacco in children and adults. Much of my work is interdisciplinary in nature,incorporating approaches from developmental and social psychology as well as learning and memory, and sensation and perception.


As a graduate student I conducted animal model studies to investigate conditioned flavor preferences and palatability shifts under the direction of Dr. Vincent LoLordo at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia, Canada. Upon completion of my Ph.D. in 2002, I moved to Philadelphia to work with Dr. Julie Mennella at the Monell Chemical Senses Center; a non profit research center dedicated to the study of taste and smell, where my research focused on understanding the development of flavor and food preferences and eating behaviors in children.  I have been continuing this work with infants, older children, adolescents, and adults since my arrival at The College of William & Mary in the fall of 2007. 


Download a copy of my CV (current as of August 2014) here.


Peer-Reviewed Publications:

28. Cavanagh, K.V.*, Kruja, B.,* & Forestell, C.A., (2014). The Effect of Brand and Caloric Information on Flavor Perception and Food Consumption in Restrained and Unrestrained Eaters. Appetite, doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.06.100

27. Dickter, C.L., Forestell, C.A., Hammett, P.J.,* Young, C.M.,* (2013). Relationship between alcohol dependence, escape drinking, and early neural attention to alcohol-related cues. Psychopharmacology, doi: 10.1007/s00213-013-3348-6.

26. Cunningham, E.*, Forestell, C.A., & Dickter, C.L. (2013). Odor-induced Disgust Affects Implicit and Explicit Responses towards Gay Men and Lesbians. European Journal of Social Psychology, In Press.

25. Dickter, C. L., Kieffaber, P. D., Kittel, J. A, Forestell, C. A., (2013). Mu Suppression as an Indicator of Activation of the Perceptual-Motor System by Smoking-related Cues in Smokers. Psychphysiology, In Press.

24. Cavanagh, K. V.*, & Forestell, C. A. (2013). The effect of brand names on flavor perception and consumption in restrained and unrestrained eaters. Food Quality and Preference, doi: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2012.12.0

23. Schindler, J. M.,* & Corbett, D., & Forestell, C. A., (2013). Assessing the effect of fruit and vegetable exposure on children's healthful food choices. Eating Behaviors. 14(1), 53-6. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.10.013.

22. Forestell, C. A., Lau, P.,* Gyurovski, I. I.,* Dickter, C. L. & Haque, S. A.,* (2012). Response conflict to foods in the presence of distractors: The effects of caloric content, cognitive restraint, and hunger. Appetite, 59(3), 748-754.

21. Forestell, C. A., Dickter, C. L., & Young, C. M.,* (2012). Take me away: The relationship between escape drinking and attentional bias for alcohol-related cues. Alcohol, 46(6), 543-549.

20. Forestell, C. A. & Mennella, J. A. (2012). More than Just a Pretty Face: Predictors of Infants' Vegetable Acceptance and Mothers' Perceptions. Appetite, 58(3), 1136-1142

19. Osborne, C. L.,* & Forestell, C. A., (2012). Increasing Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables in Children: Does the Type of Exposure Matter? Physiology & Behavior, 106(3), 362-368. (Invited submission)

18. Forestell, C. A., Dickter, C. L., & Young, C. M.,* (Under Review). Take me away: The relationship between escape drinking and attentional bias for alcohol-related cues. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.

17. Forestell, C. A., Spaeth, A. M.*, & Kane, S. A.,*, (2011). To eat or not to eat red meat: A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. Appetite. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2011.10.015.

16. Haight, J.,* Dickter, C. L., & Forestell, C. A., (2011).  A comparison of daily and occasional smokers’ implicit affective responses to smoking cues. Addicitive Behaviors. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.10.006

15. Dickter, C. L., & Forestell, C. A., (2011). Peering through the smoke: The effect of parental smoking behavior and addiction on daily smokers’ attentional bias to smoking cues. Addictive Behaviors. Advance online publication doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.09.017

14. Forestell, C. A., Dickter, C. L., Wright, J. D.*, & Young, C. M.,* (2011). Clearing the smoke: Parental influences on non-smokers’ attentional biases to smoking-related cues. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0025096.

13. Mennella, J. A., Forestell, C. A., Morgan, L. A.*, & Beauchamp, G. K., (2009). Early milk feeding influences taste acceptance and liking during infancy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90, 780S-788S. 

12. Mennella, J.A., Forestell, C.A., (2008). Children's hedonic responses to the odors of alcoholic beverages: A window to emotions. Alcohol. 42, 249-260.

11. Forestell, C.A., Mennella, J.A., (2007). Early determinants of fruit and vegetable acceptance. Pediatrics 120, 1247-1254.

10. Adamo S.A., Fidler T.L., Forestell, C.A., (2007). Illness-induced anorexia and its possible function in the caterpillar, Manduca sexta. Brain, Behavior & Immunity, 21, 292-300.

9. Forestell, C.A., Mennella, J.A., (2005). Children's hedonic judgments of cigarette odor: Effects of parental smoking and maternal mood. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 19, 423-432.

8. McCaughey, S.A., Forestell, C.A., Tordoff, M.G., (2005). Calcium deprivation increases the palatability of calcium solutions in rats. Physiology & Behavior 84, 335-342.

7. Forestell, C.A., LoLordo, V.M., (2004). The Addition of Saccharin to Taste Cues: Affects Taste Preference Conditioning in Thirsty Rats. Learning and Motivation, 35, 391-405.

6. Forestell, C.A., Humphrey, T.M. & Stewart, S.H., (2004). Is beauty in the eye of the beholder? Effects of dietary restraint on women's ratings of female line drawings. Eating Behaviors, 5, 89-101.

5. Forestell, C.A., Humphrey, T.M., & Stewart, S.H., (2004). Involvement of body weight and shape factors in ratings of attractiveness by women: A replication and extension of Tassinary and Hansen (1998). Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 295-305.

4. Forestell, C.A., & LoLordo, V.M., (2003). Palatability shifts in taste and flavour preference conditioning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 56B, 140-160.

3. Forestell, C.A., Schellinck, H.M., Boudreau, S., LoLordo, V.M., (2001). Effect of deprivation on the acquisition and expression of a conditioned odor discrimination task. Physiology and Behavior, 72, 559-566.

2. Schellinck, H.M., Forestell, C.A., & LoLordo, V.M., (2001) A simple and reliable test of olfactory learning and memory in mice. Chemical Senses, 26, 663-672.

1. Forestell, C.A. & LoLordo, V.M., (2000). Can orally consumed calories condition preferences for relatively unacceptable tastes? Learning and Motivation 31, 153-179.

Chapters and Review Articles: 

6. Mennella, J. A., & Forestell, C. A., (2015). The development of flavor preferences in childhood. In Doty, R.L. (ed.), Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation, 3rd ed. Marcel Dekker, New York.

5. Forestell, C. A., (2009). Infant perception: Taste and olfaction. In Bruce Goldstein (Ed) Encyclopedia of Sensation and Perception, Sage Publications.               

4. Forestell, C. A., Mennella, J. A., (2008).  Food, folklore and flavor preference development. In C.J., Lammi-Keefe, S.C. Couch; E. Philipson (Eds.) Handbook of Nutrition and Pregnancy, Humana Press. pp 55-64.

3. Forestell, C. A., (June, 2006) Prenatal and postnatal influences on fruit and vegetable acceptance throughout childhood. The Scientific Newsletter of the International Fruit and Vegetable Alliance, No 2, pp 2.

2. Mennella, J. A., Forestell, C. A., & Pepino, M. Y., (December, 2003). The flavor world of infants. Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders, pp 10-19.

1. Schellinck, H. M., Forestell, C. A., LoLordo, V. M., Guidry, P., & Brown, R. E., (2001). The development of a simple associative test of olfactory learning and memory. In A. Marchlewska-Koj, J.J. Lepri and D. Muller-Schwarze (Eds.) Chemical Signals in Vertebrates IX, Plenum/Kluwer Publishers, New York.