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Research Tools

 

Survey Instruments to Help You in Your Investigations of Schools

Teacher Sense of Efficacy

Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy is the beliefs in their capability to make a difference in student learning, to be able to get through even to students who are difficult or unmotivated. The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale asks teachers to assess their capability concerning instructional strategies, student engagement, and classroom management.

 Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale Long Form (24 items)

 Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale Short Form (12 items)

           Reliability, scoring directions and norms

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Spanish Version)

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Arabic Version)

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Greek Version)

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Turkish Version)

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Chinese Version)

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (Portuguese Version)

Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale (French Version)

 

Collective Teacher Efficacy

The collective sense of efficacy in a school is the sense that the faculty holds that it has the capacity to achieve meaningful student learning in spite of whatever obstacles may be present that might make learning difficult. It includes an assessment of the collective perception of the school’s capacity for student discipline, as well as for instructional practices.

Collective Teacher Beliefs Scale 

          Scoring Directions for the Collective Teacher Belief Scale

Collective Efficacy (Portuguese version)

Collective Efficacy (Finnish version)

 

Principals' Sense of Efficacy

Principals' Self-Efficacy Beliefs are the beliefs in their capability to make a difference in the schools they lead, to effectively manage the challenges they face. The Principal Sense of Efficacy Scale asks principals to assess their capability concerning instructional leadership, management, and moral leadership.

Principal Sense of Efficacy Scale

          Scoring Directions for the Principals' Sense of Efficacy Scale

Principal Sense of Efficacy Scale (Portuguese Version)

Principal Sense of Efficacy Scale (Finnish Version)

Principal Sense of Efficacy Scale (Turkish Version: Ozer)

       Reliability and Methods for Turkish: Ozer PSES

Principal Sense of Self-Efficacy Scale (Arabic Version) 

 

Teachers Sense of Efficacy in Language Instruction

***Description to be added***

Teachers Sense of Efficacy in Language Instruction 

 

Trust

Trust, as defined in this study, is one party’s willingness to be vulnerable to another based on the confidence that the other is benevolent, reliable, competent, honest, and open. The study of trust has been likened to the study of the roots of a delicate plant. Sometimes the examination can damage or even destroy the very thing that the examiner is trying to understand. Consequently, we urge caution in the use of these trust scales. Compelling evidence is accumulating on the importance of trust to high performing schools.

Teacher Trust in the Principal, Colleagues, Students, and Parents

Comprehensive Teacher Trust Scale (principal, colleagues, students, parents)

          Directions for Administering the Teacher Trust Survey

Teacher Trust in Students Scale

          Directions for Administering the Teacher Trust in Students Survey

Principal Trust in Teachers, Students, and Parents

Principal Trust Scale

          Directions for Administering the Principal Trust Survey

Principal Trust Scale (Turkish Version: Ozer)

          Reliability and Methods for Turkish: Ozer PTS

Principal Trust Scale (Arabic Version)

Parent Trust in School

Parent Trust Scale

          Directions for Administering the Parent Trust Survey 

Student Trust in Teachers

Student Trust Scale

          Directions for Administering the Student Trust Survey

 

School Climate

Collegial Leadership

Collegial leadership is characterized by behavior of the principal that is supportive and egalitarian. The principal is considerate, helpful, and genuinely concerned about the welfare of teachers. At the same time, the principal lets faculty know what is expected of them and maintains definite standards of performance. The principal is open to exploring all sides of topics and willing to make changes. He or she accepts questions without appearing to snub teachers, and admits that divergent opinions exist. The principal takes an interest in classroom issues that are important to teachers.

Teacher Professionalism

Teacher professionalism describes teacher behavior characterized by commitment to students and engagement in the teaching task. Teachers respect the professional expertise of colleagues. Professional interactions among teachers are open and cooperative. Teachers are supportive of one another and help one another. Teachers display warmth and friendliness.

Academic Press

Academic press is the extent to which the school is driven by a quest for excellence. Teachers and administrators set a tone that is serious, orderly, and focused on academics. High but achievable goals are set for students, and students respond positively to the challenge of these goals. They work hard and respect the academic accomplishments of their peers.

Community Engagement

Community engagement is the extent to which the school has fostered a constructive relationship with its community. This measure describes the degree to which the school can count on involvement and support from parents and community members, and the extent to which the school provides the community with information about its accomplishments.

Organizational Citizenship

Organizational citizenship is when teachers go above and beyond the minimum requirements of their contract to contribute to the smooth functioning of the organization. Teachers display citizenship by offering help to new teachers and substitutes. They volunteer to serve on committees, and sponsor extra curricular activities. They make good use of class time, as well as come to school and meeting on time.

School Climate Items by Subscale