PAMELA L. EDDY, Ph.D., Professor
The College of William and Mary
School of Education, Office 3082
Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795
Ph.D. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, May 2002.
Higher, Adult and Lifelong Education Program
Dissertation: Sensemaking on Campus: The Role of the Two-Year College President in Framing Organizational Change.
Advisor: Marilyn J. Amey, Ph.D.
M.S. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, January 1985.
Thesis: The Impact of Acid Deposition on Housing Values in the Adirondack Park Region. Advisor: David J. Allee, Ph.D.
B.S. Allegheny College, Meadville, PA, June 1982
Major: Economics, Minor: Mathematics
Senior Composition: Environmental and Resource Dilemmas: Intergenerational Equity. Advisor: Ahmed Hussen, Ph.D.
RESEARCH AND TEACHING INTERESTS
Postsecondary Leadership; Academic Culture and Organization in Higher Education; Gender Issues; Community Colleges; Faculty Development and Careers
Professor, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 2013-present
Associate Professor 2008-2013
Graduate faculty in Educational Policy, Planning, and Leadership in the School of Education. Responsible for classroom instruction in the Master's and Doctoral degree programs, in particular organizational theory and policy curriculum. Teaching pedagogy utilizes collaborative learning and constructivist orientation, and performance based learning objectives.
Courses taught include:
• EPPL 500 Orientation
• EPPL 585 Internship in Higher Education
• EPPL 599 Master's Project
• EPPL 601 Educational Policy: Development and Analysis
• EPPL 625 Current Issues in Higher Education
• EPPL 632 The Community College
• EPPL 635 Organization & Governance
• EPPL 676 The Financing of Higher Education
• EPPL 713 Higher Education And Public Policy
• EPPL 751 Global Studies in Ireland
• EPPL 760 Independent Study in EPPL
Associate Professor, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 2006-2008
Assistant Professor, 2002-2006
Responsible for teaching classes to support students enrolled in Master's and Doctoral programs. Teaching philosophy includes use of active learning techniques, development of case studies as a learning tool, and co-construction of the classroom environment.
Courses taught include:
• EAD 660 Principles of Educational Administration [face-to-face and online]
• EAD 652 Global Studies-in Beijing, China
• EAD 663 Personnel Administration
• EAD 676 Community College Administration
• EAD 680 Teaching in Higher Education Settings
• EAD 750D Planning, Evaluation, and Decision Making in Postsecondary Institutions
• EAD 763 Personnel Administration in Higher Education
• EAD 764 Financing of Higher Education
• EAD 774 Women in Educational Leadership
• EAD 778 Contemporary Issues in Higher Education
• EAD 800 Qualitative Research
• EAD 860 Organizational Theory
• EAD 865 Organizational Change
• EAD 699/880 Administrative Internships
• EAD 897 Doctoral Colloquium
• EAD 899 Doctoral Seminar
Instructor, Alfred University, Alfred, NY 1996
Taught required Macroeconomics course to college students. Responsible for lectures, assignments and exams. Received high evaluations from students and administration. Nominated for Excellence in Teaching Award.
Instructor, Bryant and Stratton Business Institute, Buffalo, NY 1985
Taught required Macroeconomics and Microeconomics course to college students in Women and Business Program. Created lectures, assignments and exams. Received high evaluations from students and administration.
Teaching Assistant and Tutor, Allegheny College, Meadville, PA 1980-82
Teaching assistant for required economic statistics course. Graded homework, created and administered quizzes, reported to Department Chair. Tutored students in economics, including Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, Resource Economics and Statistics.
RESEARCH AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPERIENCE
Professor, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 2013-present
Associate Professor 2008-2013
Area Coordinator, Educational Policy, Planning, and Leadership 2010-2012
Areas of scholarship coalesce around organizational governance, community college leadership, faculty work roles, and gender equity. A particular focus includes research involving rural colleges. Current projects include a book on community college leadership which proposes a model of multi-dimensional leadership, development of a model for educational partnership, and investigation of faculty work in small and geographical remote programs. Research includes both qualitative and quantitative methods for data collection and analysis.
Oversight of coordination of unit within the School of Education. Responsible for faculty course scheduling, administration of comprehensive exams, coordination of policy changes, and assessment of program outcomes. Member of the dean's executive advisory council.
Doctoral Program Coordinator 2005-2008
Associate Professor, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 2006-2008
Assistant Professor 2002-2006
Research projects included investigating how community college presidents frame organizational change on their campuses; particular attention is paid to the role of leader cognition and its influencing affect on framing change for campus members. Grant funded research investigating the future direction of faculty development in the United States, with emphasis on the needs of community college faculty developers and their institutions. Investigation of new faculty acclimation within colleges and universities to uncover the prime factors for understanding and identification of issues of stress. Coupling of leadership framing and new employee sensemaking to better understand organizational learning.
Coordination of the doctoral program included oversight of marketing, recruitment, admissions, record keeping, comprehensive exams, orientation, and course scheduling. Review of internal research grants for students and supervision of departmental graduate student. In 2006, I oversaw a program review for the doctoral program, which included the writing of a self-study and creation of a strategic plan to meet institutional goals.
Research Assistant, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 1999-2002
Provided research support for faculty members in Higher, Adult and Lifelong Education and Teacher Education. Worked on SPSS programming and analysis, survey coding and library research. Collaborated on survey research in faculty development, entered and analyzed data. Administrative assistant for Division J, AERA Annual Meeting 2000. Conducted research and site interviews for policy study on Middle School teacher requirements for Michigan.
Continuing Education Coordinator, Saginaw Valley State University, Saginaw, MI 1998-1999
Organized conferences, workshops and seminars on various continuing education topics. Conducted needs assessment on regional training needs and assembled faculty skills inventory for faculty trainers. Created Mediation Institute and Criminal Justice Training Institute.
Continuing Education Coordinator and Coordinator for the Center for Professional Development, Alfred State College, Alfred, NY 1996-1998
Marketed continuing education programs. Directed summer school activities that resulted in a 40% enrollment increase. Created summer enrichment program for children with 20% profit margin. Advisor for all continuing education students, facilitated distance learning program with area high schools. Worked on campus wide grant writing team. Responsible for organizing internal professional development programs for entire campus population. Oversaw budget for the Center. Coordinated funding and awarding of professional development grants for college employees. Compiled college wide Outcomes Assessment Plan.
Executive Director, Allegany County United Way, Inc., Wellsville, NY 1995-1996
Successfully conducted two United Way campaigns with a 25% increase in revenues. Oversaw the budget process that awarded agencies funding. Created computerized financial records for the agency. Established forum for interagency collaboration and organized an agency training conference. Increased public awareness of the United Way through various media sources. Local Board Chairwoman for FEMA funding. Handled payroll functions and all required legal reporting. Recruited and trained board members. Wrote and received grants for staff training and capital purchases.
Manager, The Book Exchange, Corning, NY 1988-1990
Instrumental in increasing gross revenue 30%. Established computer files for mail-order customers. Trained administrative assistant. Maintained financial and tax records.
Consultant, United Way of Southeastern Steuben County, Corning, NY 1989
Acted as liaison between member agencies and the United Way for funds allocation of one million-dollar campaign monies.
Assistant Director of Human Resources, Blue Shield of WNY, Buffalo, NY 1987-1988
Responsible for creating new human resources department for 400 employees. Hired and trained staff of nine to perform personnel and payroll functions. Areas of expertise include: payroll administration, benefit coordination, labor relations, Affirmative Action/EEO, recruitment and placement. Participated in contract negotiations and grievance procedure.
Manager of Human Resources 1986
Researched and prepared proposal on necessary steps to start personnel department. Principal interviewer for staff openings. Corporate liaison in union bidding procedure.
Resource Management Coordinator 1985
Established and monitored employee productivity through work standards. Created work standards and incorporated time saving methods for work simplification.
$1,021,760 September, 2015. National Science Foundation-Collaborative Research:Faculty as Change Agents: Transforming Geoscience Education in Two-year Colleges. Project Researcher. The primary goal of this four-year project is to transform geoscience education in two-year colleges (2YCs) through an innovative program that focuses on 2YC geoscience faculty as "change agents." These faculty, working in teams, will implement high-impact, evidence-based instructional and co-curricular practices at their own institutions that will lead to improved STEM learning, broadened participation, and a more robust STEM workforce. They will work with administrators to institutionalize these changes, and will also propagate these practices to colleagues at 2YCs and four-year colleges and universities (4YCUs) in their region via an ongoing series of local professional development events. These 2YC faculty will become "change agents through a national program of professional development, leadership development, and community support that will provide them with research findings on evidence-based teaching and learning in geoscience education, implementation strategies, and a learning community that promotes the cycle of innovation. The project will support two cohorts of 2YC faculty to be catalysts and implementers of change at the local level, building a sustainable national network of 2YC leaders who will drive innovation throughout courses, programs, institutions, and their local regions.
$55,000 April, 2014. Creative Adaptation Grant. Principal Investigator. College Teaching Certificate. Funding to create online modules for six one-credit courses that are part of the School of Education College Teaching Certificate (CTC). Marketing of program material to faculty throughout the Virginia Community College System and to regional doctoral students. Research on student learning outcomes and interaction with online modules for program evaluation will occur.
$5,000 September, 2010. Reves Faculty Fellow. Principal Investigator. Internationalization at the College of William and Mary. Funding for this research project supports a team of student researchers to aid in looking at efforts on campus to internationalize the curriculum and to assess international research involvement of faculty. Further, the research targets faculty and students who have studied abroad. The focus for this portion of the project is to understand better how an experience abroad shifts individual approaches to teaching/learning upon return to campus. This project is being conducted in collaboration with Dr. Bihong Li, a visiting Chinese scholar from Hunan University to the College of William and Mary. A survey of faculty at Hunan University will allow for a comparative investigation of faculty approaches to efforts to ensure students are global competent.
€16,450 March, 2008. Fulbright Scholarship. Principal Investigator. Higher education policy in Ireland-Transforming a system: Shifting faculty and institutional roles in partnerships. This project provides research regarding the goal of Ireland's Tertiary Education Academy to create a strategic framework for higher education. The globalization of higher education increasingly puts pressure on institutions to provide education in a seamless marketplace, ultimately impacting the structures traditionally found in institutions of higher education. Collaborations, both for faculty and institutions, take on heightened importance in the changes underway in Ireland. My study focused on interdisciplinary collaborations for faculty and partnerships among colleges to understand better key framework elements that contribute to strategic focus.
$40,000 March, 2008. CMU Research Excellence Funds. The CMU/Mid-Michigan Rural Partnership Initiative. Co-Principal Investigator. Funding to conduct a meta-analysis of regional needs assessment to determine areas of need, duplication of services, and points of leverage. Results from the needs assessment will aid in the creation of a strategic plan for the area.
$ 600 November, 2007. Faculty Research and Creative Endeavors Premiere Display Grant: In the middle: A gendered view of career pathways of mid-level community college leaders. Presenter: Presented research on a case study regarding career pathways at a rural mid-sized community colleges. This research was presented the 2007 annual meeting for the Association for the Study of Higher Education. A manuscript from this study is part of a special edition on gender of the Community College Journal of Research and Practice.
$ 600 January, 2007. International Grant. Principal Investigator. Received funds to be able to investigate a partnership with South China Normal University. This collaboration will allow for an expanded learning experience for graduate students regarding global education. It is anticipated that student and faculty exchanges will grow from this institutional alliance.
$10,000 January, 2007. Faculty Insight Team Grant: Issues facing rural locales: Building infrastructure to support communities. Team member. The impact rural community colleges have on the areas they serve is multifaceted. Two-year colleges provide training for many entry-level service workers and skilled trades. In addition, two-year colleges provide the rural student a convenient, cost-effective start on the road to a four-year or advanced degree through transfer or degree completion programs. In some areas, community colleges are also the focus of cultural and creative arts programming. Rural community colleges play a different role in economic development than urban institutions that have more partners available to help in renewal efforts. In rural communities, the two-year college is often the largest employer and the entity to which others turn for help in developing the economy. As well, recent economic downturns have increased pressure on rural two-year colleges to aid in economic development, often resulting in an increasingly important role for these colleges. Team members also include: John Lopes-PI (PA-Health Professions); Mary Senter (Sociology); Jean Toner (Social Work); Eron Drake (Educational Leadership Graduate Student).
$1000 April, 2006. Faculty Research and Creative Endeavors Premiere Display Grant: Leading Gracefully: Gendered leadership in community colleges. Presenter: Presented research on the gendered aspects of leadership within the context of community colleges. This research was presented as part of a symposium at the American Educational Research Association 2006 conference as part of a panel of authors on a book of women leaders. This research is the leading chapter in D. R. Dean, S. J. Bracken, & J. K. Allen (Eds.) Women in academic leadership: Professional strategies, personal choices: Vol. 2. Women in academe. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing LLC.
$ 500 March, 2006. Council for the Study of Community Colleges: Leading in the Heartland: Rural
Community College Leadership. Principal Investigator. Rural community colleges make up 45% of all two-year colleges, impacting the education for a number of students in hard to access regions. A recent report by the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) predicts a turnover of 70% among current presidents within the next 10 years. With the national demand for community college presidential replacements, the question is how will rural colleges compete? Rural areas must compete with more urban locales for college presidents and do so with fewer cultural attractions, more isolation, fewer resources, and greater economic limitations.
$4500 May, 2005. Faculty Insight Team Grant: Issues of Gender: Crossing Boundaries, Blending
Pedagogies, Intersecting Disciplinary Frameworks. Principal Organizer. Disciplines across campus include gender as a dimension of interest. As with other research topics, however, individual disciplines rely on literature developed using a particular focus common to that field. Given the isolated nature of faculty work, we often don't know what others are doing in other departments. The intent of FIT grant was to draw together an interdisciplinary team of faculty to address issues of gender and to determine areas of research collaboration. Team members also include: Brigitte Bechtold (Sociology); Shelly Hinck (Speech and Communication); Sarah Marshall (EACL); Patricia Williamson (Broadcast and Cinematic Arts); and Regina Mitchell (EACL Graduate Student).
$4200 January, 2003. Faculty Research and Creative Endeavors Grant: Community College Faculty Development: Conceptualizing the Future and Planning for the Present. Principal Investigator.
The study addresses this central question: How has faculty development been conceptualized at the community college in the past and present, and what new conceptualizations may be appropriate given the changing expectations confronting these colleges and the faculty who work within them? A survey is being sent to a random sample of all community colleges is proposed. A survey of both the academic vice president and the director of the faculty development center at each institution will provide the necessary data. This dual approach allows a view of faculty development from the perspective of campus leadership, as well as from the point of view of the center director.
Unfunded: November, 2004 National Science Foundation Grant: Central Michigan Bridges to the Baccalaureate in Biomedical. Project Evaluator.
The Central Michigan Bridges to the Baccalaureate in Biomedical Research program will identify 18-24 motivated and academically qualified underrepresented minority students who have a desire to pursue careers or advanced degrees in the biomedical fields and provide them with the academic, financial and personal support they need to complete a baccalaureate degree in preparation for a career or further study in the biomedical sciences. A partnership formed between Central Michigan University and three Partner Community Colleges will increase the number of underrepresented students in the biomedical sciences.
Peer Reviewed Articles
Garza Mitchell, R., & Eddy, P. L. (2015). Moving up or moving on: A gendered perspective of mid-level university leaders. The Journal of Higher Education Management, 29(2).
Eddy, P. L., & Ward, K. (2015). Lean In or opt out? Career pathways of academic women. Change Magazine, 47(2), 16-22.
Li, B., & Eddy, P. L. (2014). The role of e-learning for faculty development in China. The New Educational Review, 35(1), 88-100.
Eddy, P. L., Barber, J. P., Holly, N., Brush, K., & Bohon, L. (2013). Internationalizing a campus: From colonial to modern times. Change Magazine.
Eddy, P. L., & Lawrence, A. (2013). Wikis as authentic assessment. Innovative Higher Education, 38(4), 253-265. Advance online first publication October 3, 2012. DOI 10.1007/s10755-012-9239-7
Eddy, P. L. (2013). Developing leaders: The role of competencies in rural community colleges. Community College Review, 41(1), 20-43. Advance online first publication January 3, 2013. DOI: 10.1177/0091552112471557
Eddy, P. L., & Hart, J. (2012). Faculty in the hinterlands: Cultural anticipation and cultural reality. Higher Education, 63, 751-769. Advance online first publication September, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s10734-011-9475-2
Eddy, P. L., & Garza Mitchell, R. (2012). Faculty as learners: Developing thinking communities. Innovative Higher Education, 37(4), 283-296. Advance online first publication November, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s10755-011-9202-z
Eddy, P. L. (2010). Leaders as linchpins for framing meaning. Community College Review, 37(4), 313-332.
Amey, M. J., Eddy, P. L., & Campbell, T. (2010). Crossing boundaries: Creating partnerships to promote educational transitions. Community College Review, 37(4), 333-347.
Eddy, P. L., & Rao, M. S. (2009). Leadership development in higher education programs. [Editor's Choice]. Community College Enterprise, 15(2), 7-26.
Hinck, S. S., Garza Mitchell, R., Williamson, P., Eddy, P. L., & Bechtold, B. (2009). Reflection and research: Forming the perfect FIT. Teaching & Learning: The Journal of Natural Inquiry and Reflective Practice, 23(3), 120-133. http://tljournal.aero.und.edu/index.php/tljournal/article/view/192/54
Eddy, P. L. (2008). Reflections of women leading community colleges. The Community College Enterprise, 14(1), 49-66.
Eddy, P. L., & Bracken, D. (2008). Lights, Camera, Action! The role of movies and video in classroom learning. Journal of Faculty Development, 22(2), 125-134.
Eddy, P. L., & Gayle, J. G. (2008). New Faculty on the Block: Issues of Stress and Support. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 17(1-2), 89-106.
Garza Mitchell, R. L., & Eddy, P. L. (2008). In the middle: A gendered view of career pathways of mid-level community college leaders. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 32(10), 793-811.
Eddy, P. L. (2007). Grocery store politics: Leading the rural community college. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 31(4), 1-20.
Eddy, P. L., & VanDerLinden, K. (2006). Emerging definitions of leadership in higher education: New visions of leadership or same old "hero" leader? Community College Review, 34(1), 5-26.
Eddy, P. L., Christie, R. L., & Rao, M. S. (2006). Determinants of community college transfer: Path to the baccalaureate degree. Community College Enterprise, 12(1), 73-92.
Eddy, P. L. (2006). Nested leadership: The interpretation of organizational change in a multi-college system. Community College Journal of Research to Practice, 30(1), 41-51.
Eddy, P. L. (2005). Faculty development in community colleges: Surveying the present, preparing for the future. Journal of Faculty Development, 20(3), 143-152.
Eddy, P. L., & Beach, A. L. (2005). Does experience matter? The influence of years of service on faculty developer's vision and priorities in the field. Journal of Faculty Development, 20(2), 111-123.
Eddy, P. L. (2005). Framing the role of leader: How community college presidents construct their leadership. In M. J. Amey & B. Laden (Eds.), Conceptualizing leadership as learning [Special issue]. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 29(9-10), 705-727.
Eddy, P. L., Chakraborty, R., Hancks, J., Lorenson, J., Smythe, T., & Vautrin, S. (2004). Creating resources for community college professional development. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 8(3), 185-196.
Eddy, P. L. (2004). Links between leader cognition, power, and change on community college campuses. Journal of Applied Research in the Community College, 11(2), 95-104.
Eddy, P. L. (2004). The impact of presidential cognition on institutional change. Community College Enterprise, 10(1), 63-77.
Eddy, P. L. (2003). Views of gender in the community college presidency. Community College Enterprise, 9(2), 49-64.
Eddy, P. L. (2003). Sensemaking on campus: How community college presidents frame change. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 27(6), 453-471.
Eddy, P. L. (2003). Change in community colleges through strategic alliances: A case study. Community College Review, 30(4), 1-20.
Eddy, P. L. (2001). The story of Charlotte: An adult learner's view of higher education. The Journal of Continuing Higher Education, 49(3), 14-20.
Eddy, P. L. (2001). Applying adult learning theory: A case study. Options: A Journal of Research and Practice in Adult Education, 13(2), 19-26. Michigan Association for Adult and Continuing Education.
Eddy, P. L. & Hornak, A. (2001). Creating