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Hebrew tools

Single-page handouts for Biblical Hebrew

By Naama Zahavi-Ely


A guide for identifying a missing root letter of a verb in the Hebrew Bible and other texts with nikud (vowel markings)

A guide for identifying the stem (binyan) of a Hebrew verb in the Hebrew Bible and other texts with nikud (vowel markings)

Hebrew verb overview

Hebrew verb summary tables

Teaching the Biblical Hebrew Verb (paper published by invitation on the SBL web site)
>> Please note that the handouts referred to in the article on the SBL web site are no longer at that web location, but rather are linked to this page above.

In order to look up a verb in Biblical Hebrew in a lexicon, you must identify correctly its root and its stem (binyan).  These single-page guides can aid you in figuring out which letter is missing in a "weak" verb, and which stem the verb is in.

The guides may be distributed to students without charges.  Please do not post other copies on the Internet.